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[HKKG13] T. Han, C. Krause, M. Kwiatkowska and H. Giese. Modal Specifications for Probabilistic Timed Systems. In Proc. 11th International Workshop on Quantitative Aspects of Programming Languages and Systems, pages 66-80, EPTCS. 2013. [pdf] [bib]
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Abstract. Modal automata are a classic formal model for component-based systems that comes equipped with a rich specification theory supporting abstraction, refinement and compositional reasoning. In recent years, quantitative variants of modal automata were introduced for specifying and reasoning about component-based designs for embedded and mobile systems. These respectively generalize modal specification theories for timed and probabilistic systems. In this paper, we define a modal specification language for combined probabilistic timed systems, called abstract probabilistic timed automata, which generalizes existing formalisms. We introduce appropriate syntactic and semantic refinement notions and discuss consistency of our specification language, also with respect to time-divergence. We identify a subclass of our models for which we define the fundamental operations for abstraction, conjunction and parallel composition, and show several compositionality results.