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[GPG+20] Shadi Ghiasi, Andrea Patane, Alberto Greco, Luca Laurenti, Enzo Pasquale Scilingo and Marta Kwiatkowska. Gaussian Processes with Physiologically-Inspired Priors for Physical Arousal Recognition. In 42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS'20). July 2020. [pdf] [bib]
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Abstract. While machine learning algorithms are able to detect subtle patterns of interest in data, expert knowledge may contain crucial information that is not easily extracted from a given dataset, especially when the latter is small or noisy. In this paper we investigate the suitability of Gaussian Process Classification (GPC) as an effective model to implement the domain knowledge in an algorithm’s training phase. Building on their Bayesian nature, we proceed by injecting problem specific domain knowledge in the form of an a-priori distribution on the GPC latent function. We do this by extracting handcrafted features from the input data, and correlating them to the logits of the classification problem through fitting a prior function informed by the physiology of the problem. The physiologically-informed prior of the GPC is then updated through the Bayes formula using the available dataset.We apply the methods discussed here to a two-class classification problem associated to a dataset comprising Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and Electrodermal Activity (EDA) signals collected from 26 subjects who were exposed to a physical stressor aimed at altering their autonomic nervous systems dynamics. We provide comparative computational experiments on the selection of appropriate physiologically-inspired GPC prior functions. We find that the recognition of the presence of the physical stressor is significantly enhanced when the physiologically-inspired prior knowledge is injected into the GPC model.