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[JKNP17] A. Jovanovic, M. Kwiatkowska, G. Norman and Q. Peyras. Symbolic Optimal Expected Time Reachability Computation and Controller Synthesis for Probabilistic Timed Automata. Theoretical Computer Science, 669, pages 1-21, Elsevier. March 2017. [pdf] [bib]
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Abstract. In this paper we consider the problem of computing the optimal (minimum or maximum) expected time to reach a target and the synthesis of an optimal controller for a probabilistic timed automaton (PTA). Although this problem admits solutions that employ the digital clocks abstraction or statistical model checking, symbolic methods based on zones and priced zones fail due to the difficulty of incorporating probabilistic branching in the context of dense time. We work in a generalisation of the setting introduced by Asarin and Maler for the corresponding problem for timed automata, where simple and nice functions are introduced to ensure fi niteness of the dense-time representation. We fi nd restrictions sufficient for value iteration to converge to the optimal expected time on the uncountable Markov decision process representing the semantics of a PTA. We formulate Bellman operators on the backwards zone graph of a PTA and prove that value iteration using these operators equals that computed over the PTA's semantics. This enables us to extract an "ε-optimal controller from value iteration in the standard way.